JRC Style Guide

The JRC adheres to the Chicago Manual of Style. We strongly recommend you familiarize yourself with its conventions.

Common Formatting Mistakes

  • The Em Dash — (alt +0151) should not have any spaces before or after.
  • The En Dash – (alt +0150) should have a space before and after.
  • Punctuation marks go inside “quotations.”
  • “When quoting inside a quote, use ‘single quotations.'”
  • We prefer Canadian spelling when it comes to colour, armour, etc.
  • Foonotes go after punctuation marks and quotations.


Papers must use endnotes for citations and contain a bibliography which includes all works cited. The format of bibliographical entries and citations should follow the Chicago Manual of Style.

A sample endnote:

Bill argues for one point over the other. See: William Bill, Book Name (City: Publisher, 1990), 241.

Some sample bibliographical entries:

Smith, John. Name of Book. City: Publisher, 2015.

Doe, Jane. “Title of an article” in Journal Name. Vol. 15 No. 5. City: Publisher, 2015. pp 45-67.

Kane, Clive and John Tubs. “Shared Authorship” in Many Editors. Edited by Kim First and Paul Fourth. City: Publisher of University Press, 1955. pp 65-100.

For more information, please refer to the latest edition of Chicago Manual of Style available on the Purdue Owl and the submission guidelines on our website at www.jrc-concordia.ca/submission-guidelines.

Parenthetical Citations

Biblical passages, along with references to and excerpts from other sources and publications, notably holy books and their commentaries, may use parenthetical citations.

For example:

“In the beginning, there was the Word” (John 1:1).

If you choose to use parenthetical citations, please ensure that you include the version, edition, translation, and all other pertinent remarks in an endnote and / or bibliography.

Parenthetical citations may be used when necessary for book reviews.

They may also be used to include asides (inside the text itself).

Do not use parenthetical citations in lieu of endnotes.